From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
Appearing only in his dreams and memories, Winston’s mother represents better, pre-Party days when life was safe and not quite so oppressive. As the novel progresses, however, we also come to see that she represents Winston’s intense sense of guilt. If Winston didn’t actually kill his parents (and we’re leaning toward this), then Winston’s mother is the epitome of a pleasant past colored by the lies and manipulation of the Party.