We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

  

by Jules Verne

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literary and Philosophical References

References from Nemo's Study

Authors

Scientists and Other Thinkers

  • Humboldt (1.11.8)
  • Arago (1.11.8)
  • Foucault (1.11.8)
  • Henri Sainte-Claire Deville (1.11.8)
  • Chasles (1.11.8)
  • Milne-Edwards (1.11.8)
  • Quatrefages (1.11.8)
  • Tyndall (1.11.8)
  • Faraday (1.11.8)
  • Berthelot (1.11.8)
  • Abbé Secchi (1.11.8)
  • Petermann (1.11.8)
  • Commander Maury (1.11.8)
  • Agassiz (1.11.8)
  • Joseph Bertrand, Les Fondateurs de l'astronomie (1.11.8)

Stuff Found in Nemo's Salon

Painters

  • Raphael (1.11.23)
  • Leonardo da Vinci (1.11.23)
  • Correggio (1.11.23)
  • Titian (1.11.23)
  • Veronese (1.11.23)
  • Murillo (1.11.23)
  • Holbein (1.11.23)
  • Velázquez (1.11.23)
  • Ribera (1.11.23)
  • Rubens (1.11.23)
  • Teniers (1.11.23)
  • Gerit Dou (1.11.23)
  • Metsu (1.11.23)
  • Paulus Potter (1.11.23)
  • Géricault (1.11.23)
  • Prud'hon (1.11.23)
  • Backhuysen (1.11.23)
  • Vernet (1.11.23)

"Modern" Painters

  • Delacroix (1.11.23)
  • Ingres (1.11.23)
  • Decamps (1.11.23)
  • Troyon (1.11.23)
  • Meissonier (1.11.23)
  • Daubigny (1.11.23)

Composers

  • Weber (1.11.27)
  • Rossini (1.11.27)
  • Mozart (1.11.27)
  • Beethoven (1.11.27)
  • Hayden (1.11.27)
  • Meyerbeer (1.11.27)
  • Hérold (1.11.27)
  • Wagner (1.11.27)
  • Auber (1.11.27)
  • Gounod (1.11.27)
  • Jean Macé, Les Serviteurs de l'estomac (1.18.38)

Thinkers and Writers

  • Aristotle (2.1.28)
  • Athenaeus (2.1.28)
  • Pliny (2.1.28)
  • Oppian (2.1.28)
  • H.C. Sirr, Ceylon and the Cingalese (2.2.2)
  • Robert Percival (2.2.14)
  • Strabo (2.4.46)
  • Virgil, Georgics (2.6.65)
  • Cassiodorus (2.6.115)
  • Pliny (2.6.115, 2.7.44)
  • Michelet (2.7.1)
  • Avienus (2.7.44)
  • Victor Hugo (2.8.30)

Men Who Wrote of Atlantis

  • Theopompus (2.9.59)
  • Plato (2.9.59)
  • Origen (2.9.59)
  • Porphyry (2.9.59)
  • Iamblichus (2.9.59)
  • d'Anville (2.9.59)
  • Malte-Brun (2.9.59)
  • Humbolft (2.9.59)
  • Posidonius (2.9.59)
  • Pliny (2.9.59)
  • Ammianus (2.9.59)
  • Marcellinus (2.9.59)
  • Tertullian (2.9.59)
  • Engel (2.9.59)
  • Sherer (2.9.59)
  • Tournefort (2.9.59)
  • Buffon (2.9.59)
  • d'Avezac (2.9.59)
  • Plato, Timaeus; Critias (2.9.60)
  • Solon (2.9.60)
  • Jean-Sylvain Bailly (2.10.4)
  • Sir Walter Scott, Redgauntlet (2.10.78)
  • Maury, The Physical Geography of the Sea (2.11.6)
  • Olaus Magnus (2.18.42)
  • Victor Hugo, Les Travailleurs de la mer (2.19.1)
  • Edgar Allan Poe, The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym (2.22.8)
  • Book of Ecclesiastes (2.23.5)

Historical, Biblical, and Mythological References

  • The Kraken (1.1.10,12; 2.18.19)
  • Aristotle (1.1.10)
  • Pliny (1.1.10)
  • Carolus Linnaeus (1.1.12)
  • Sir Samuel Cunard, owner of Cunard Line (1.1.17)
  • Abraham Lincoln (1.2.32)
  • The Leviathan (1.4.1)
  • Knight of Rhodes (1.4.1)
  • Dieudonné of Gozo (1.4.1)
  • Argus (1.4.4)
  • Neptune, Proteus (1.9.70)
  • Orpheus (1.11.28)
  • Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, explorer (1.11.35)
  • Galileo (1.14.24)
  • Maury, oceanographer (1.14.24)
  • Captain Cook (1.18.32)
  • Athenaeus, ancient Greek doctor (1.18.34)
  • Galen (1.18.34)
  • La Pérouse, French explorer (1.19.17)
  • King Louis XVI of France (1.19.17)
  • Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (1.19.38)
  • Charles Darwin (2.1.19)
  • Cleopatra (2.2.62)
  • Vasco de Gama (2.4.1)
  • Pan, Greek god (2.4.32)
  • Moses, the Pharaoh (2.4.57)
  • Moses (2.4.70)
  • Sestoris (2.4.74)
  • Necho (2.4.74)
  • Darius, son of Hystaspesa (2.4.74)
  • Ptolemy II (2.4.74)
  • Caliph Umar (2.4.74)
  • Caliph al-Mansur (2.4.74)
  • Mohammed ben Abdallah (2.4.74)
  • Napoleon Bonaparte (2.4.74)
  • Ferdinand de Lesseps (2.4.75)
  • Proteus, Neptune VIII (2.6.67)
  • Vitellius (2.6.70)
  • Marc Antony (2.6.71)
  • Battle of Actium (2.6.71)
  • Emperor Augustus (2.6.71)
  • Neptune (2.7.1)
  • Pluto (2.7.1)
  • Arachne (2.7.12)
  • Ferdinand de Lesseps (2.7.21)
  • Thaddeus Kosciusko (2.8.30)
  • Marco Bozzaris (2.8.30)
  • King Leonidas of the Spartans (2.8.30)
  • Daniel O'Connell (2.8.30)
  • Daniele Manina (2.8.30)
  • John Brown (2.8.30)
  • Louis XIV of France (2.8.49)
  • Duke of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV, a.k.a. Philip V of Spain (2.8.49)
  • Charles III of Spain (2.8.50)
  • Admiral de Châteaurenault (2.8.51)
  • Christopher Columbus (2.11.4)
  • Tritons, Sirens (2.14.42)
  • Derk Gherritz (3.14.91)
  • Captain Cook (3.14.91)
  • Edward Bransfield (3.14.91)
  • Benjamin Morrell (3.14.91)
  • George Powell (3.14.91)
  • James Weddell (3.14.91)
  • Henry Foster (3.14.91)
  • John Biscoe (3.14.91)
  • Charles Wilkes (3.14.91)
  • John Balleny (3.14.91)
  • The Titans (2.18.11)
  • Bishop of Nadaros (2.18.42)
  • Captain Frédéric Bouyer (2.18.53)
  • Cyrus Field (2.20.29)
  • Lapoype-Vertrieux (2.20.51)
  • Admiral d'Estaing (2.20.51)
  • Villaret de Joyeuse (2.20.51)
  • Admiral Vanstabel (2.20.51)
  • The Vengeur, Republican French ship (2.20.52)
  • The Maelstrom (2.22.56)

Pop Culture

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...

Advertisement