From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
A Modest Proposal

A Modest Proposal


by Jonathan Swift

Analysis: Allusions

When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literary References

  • Francois Rabelais, Gargantua and Pantagruel (13)
  • George Psalmanazar, Historical and Geographical Description of Formosa (18)

Historical References

  • James Francis Edward Stuart (the Pretender), son of James II who was deposed from throne over Catholicism (1)
  • Barbados, where Irish immigrated due to poverty (1)
  • Roman Emperor Titus, who invaded and captured a divided Jerusalem in 70 BCE (28)

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...