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Lucretia Coffin Mott (1793-1880) was a feminist, abolitionist, and one of the pioneers of the women's movement. She was a Quaker who both studied and taught at a Friends school near Poughkeepsie, New York. In 1811, Lucretia married fellow Quaker—and abolitionist and feminist activist—James Mott. From 1818 on, she lectured for a number of reformist causes, from temperance to workers' rights to abolition.

Mott attended the founding convention of the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833 and then established its women's auxiliary, the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society. In 1840, when the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London refused to recognize its female delegates, Mott became a leading champion of women's rights. She helped Elizabeth Cady Stanton organize the first women's rights convention in the United States at Seneca Falls in 1848.

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