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Facts

Estimated total U.S. cotton production in 1814: 150,000 bales
Estimated total U.S. cotton production in 1860: 4 million bales

Free black population of the United States in 1830: 319,599
Enslaved black population of the United States in 1830: 2,009,043

1830 01 01 00:00:00
Free black population of the United States in 1840: 386,293
Enslaved black population of the United States in 1840: 2,873,648

Free black population of the United States in 1850: 434,495
Enslaved black population of the United States in 1850: 3,204,313

Free black population of the United States in 1860: 488,070
Enslaved black population of the United States in 1860: 3,953,760

Incidents of anti-abolitionist mob violence in northern cities between 1833 and 1838: 165

Number of local antislavery societies in the United States in 1833: 4
Number of local antislavery societies in the United States in 1834: 47
Number of local antislavery societies in the United States in 1838: 1,300

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