© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter
by Seth Grahame-Smith
Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter Allusions and Cultural References When authors give shout outs to other great works, people, and events, it's usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
Literary "To Mock a Killing Bird" (Introduction.19) is a joke based on the Harper Lee book, . To Kill a Mockingbird Washington Irving was an early American writer, known today for "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow," though his early work was mostly satire, like his paper . (1.13) Salmagundi "Father of many" (3.41) and "father to many" (12.91) are references to Genesis 17, when God changes Abram's name to Abraham, which means "father of many." Poe's first book of poems (4.68) was , by "A Bostonian." Tamerlane and other Poems Lord Byron, poet. (6.70) Matthew 12:25: "Every kingdom divided against itself will be ruined, and every city or household divided against itself will not stand." (10.10) Shakespeare's features a prophet telling Julius that he's going to get killed on "the Ides of March" (which is the 15th). (10.27) Julius Caesar Shakespeare's : "Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more!" (10.85) Henry V Shakespeare's Richard III, Act V, Scene 2: "In God's name, cheerly on, courageous friends, to reap the harvest of perpetual peace, by this one bloody trial of sharp war." (11.36) is the comedy play famous for being the scene of Lincoln's assassination. (13.57) Our American Cousin Shakespeare's : "I am a foe to tyrants, and my country's friend." (13.57) Julius Caesar, Act V, Scene 4 Lincoln's Speeches and Writing Lincoln's letter to Fanny McCullough on the death of her father. (1.1) Lincoln's speech to Congress for the Special Session, July 4, 1861. (2.1) The Lincoln-Douglas Debates. (3.1) Lincoln's letter to George Robertson. (4.1) Lincoln's letter to William Herndon. (5.1) Lincoln's letter to Lydia Bixby. (6.1) " The Suicide's Soliloquy," a poem possibly written by Lincoln, published in the Sangamon Journal. (6.114) Lincoln's letter to Mrs. Browning. (7.1) Lincoln's speech to the House of Representatives, June 20, 1848. (8.1) Mary's poem (possibly written with Abe's assistance), published in the Illinois State Journal. (8.123) Lincoln's proclamation of a National Fast Day, March 30, 1863. (9.1) Lincoln's acceptance speech for the nomination for senator, June 16, 1858. (10.1) Lincoln's Cooper Union speech. (10.53) Lincoln's Inaugural Address. (10.188) Lincoln's message to Congress, Dec. 1, 1862. (11.1) Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865. (12.1) Lincoln's speech at Chicago, Illinois, July 10, 1858. (13.1) History "[…] the morning of the Iowa primary, and Barack Obama was running neck and neck with Hillary Clinton" (Introduction.36) is a reference to the Democratic primaries leading into the 2008 presidential election. The Shawnee (1.25) were a Native American tribe. The War of 1812. (1.43) The Taborites (4.18) were a religious medieval group from Bohemia that had a few wars. Black Hawk (not his real name) was a leader of the Sauk and Fox tribes, who commanded during the Sauk War of 1832; they were opposed in Illinois by Governor Reynolds. (6.27) The Whig party. (7.63) Five Points was a dangerous section of New York, where gangs like the Plug Uglies, Dead Rabbits, and Bowery Boys would fight for control. (9.4) Dred Scott was a person—a slave who fought for his freedom—and also the name of a Supreme Court case that dealt a blow to abolitionists. (9.41) The Underground Railroad was not operated by vampires in the real world, but by brave people like Harriet Tubman. (10.57) The first Emancipation Proclamation (12.67) only freed the slaves in the Confederacy. Ford's Theater (13.57) is famous for being the location of Lincoln's assassination; less famously, Petersen's Boarding House (13.86) is the place he actually died. Reconstruction (14.29) refers to the historical period after the Civil War. "[…] white-hooded devils to their deaths by the light of burning crosses" (14.31) is a reference to the Ku Klux Klan. "[…] the second vampire uprising between 1939 and 1945" (14.33) sure sounds like a reference to World War II. Historical People Who Know Lincoln Azel Waters Dorsey (1.45) was Abraham Lincoln's early teacher. William Herndon (2.87, 8.105) was Lincoln's last law partner. Samuel Haycraft, Sr. (2.94) was a real guy—a clerk on the circuit court. Ann Rutledge really was engaged to John MacNamar. (6.67) Whether or not she loved Abe, too, is still a matter of debate. Joshua Fry Speed. (7.11) Ebenezer Ryan (7.63) was another Whig. Stephen A. Douglas (7.73) was a Democrat and frequent opponent of Lincoln. Ward Hill Lamon. (9.14) William H. Seward (9.85) was Lincoln's Secretary of State; his son Frederick Seward (10.172), his daughter Fanny Seward (13.80), and his other son Augustus Seward (13.82) all show up, too. Grace Bedell (10.155) was a little girl who told Lincoln to grow a beard. Allan Pinkerton (10.167) was a detective, secret agent, and bodyguard. John Nicolay (11.2) and John Hay (11.103) are Lincoln's secretaries. In Lincoln's cabinet were Secretary of the Navy Gideon Wells and Secretary of the Treasury Salmon Chase (11.27) and Secretary of War Edwin Stanton (11.28). Iowa Senator James W. Grimes. (11.58) Horatio "Bud" Nelson Taft, Jr. and Halsey "Holly" Cook Taft (11.58) were little boys in Lincoln's Washington, D.C. Journalist (and friend of the Lincolns) Noah Brooks. (11.63) Elizabeth Keckley (11.94) was a free woman of color and dressmaker to Mary Todd. Alexander Gardner (12.59) was a famous photographer. Speaker of the House Schuyler Colfax. (13.25) Vice President Andrew Johnson. (13.25) Major Henry Rathbone, and his fiancée, Clara Harris. (13.57) Charles Leale (13.86), the first doctor to attend Lincoln after he was shot. Dr. Robert King Stone (13.88), Abe's family physician. Bishop Matthew Simpson (14.19) gave a eulogy for Lincoln at his Springfield funeral. Civil War Assassination Conspiracy Historical People Roanoke Roanoke (3.101) is the famous lost colony, once located in present-day North Carolina. Three ships came to America, including the Lyon. (3.105) John White (3.105) led the colony. White was picked by Sir Walter Raleigh (3.105) and got a ride back to England with Sir Francis Drake. (3.105) Virginia Dare (3.122) was the first English person born in America.
People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...