Analysis: Booker's Seven Basic Plots Analysis
Christopher Booker is a scholar who wrote that every story falls into one of seven basic plot structures: Overcoming the Monster, Rags to Riches, the Quest, Voyage and Return, Comedy, Tragedy, and Rebirth. Shmoop explores which of these structures fits this story like Cinderella’s slipper.
Plot Type : Rags to Riches
We're going to be honest: this book doesn't quite fit the rags to riches plot. It's more like rags to riches to burned-down house. But we'll take a look anyway, and see how it goes.
Initial Wretchedness at Home and "the Call"
Sutpen realizes that it's a big, cruel world out there.
When his family moves to a plantation in Tidewater Virginia, Sutpen witnesses the race and class divisions in the real world. It's no longer about being strongest, it's about being rich and white. His poor treatment by a black butler prompts his "design."
Out Into the World, Initial Success
Sutpen gets a good job, marries, and fathers a son. The ball is rolling.
Acting on information he learned during his brief education at the plantation, Sutpen leaves his family behind and goes to the West Indies. There he makes his fortune, quells a slave rebellion, and marries the plantation owner's daughter. They have a son. Things are looking up.
The Central Crisis
Sutpen discovers that his wife (and, therefore, child) is black.
Sutpen can't leave Haiti and his family fast enough. He arranges to have his wife and son taken care of and leaves to start over again in Jefferson, Mississippi. Having a black wife and son is not part of his plan.
Independence and Final Ordeal
Sutpen works a ton and gets the family and big house thing going.
Sutpen sets himself up like a king, with the estate, the wife, and the kids – the whole nine yards (or hundred square miles, actually). There's only one problem: that darn son from the first marriage is back and wants to (a) be acknowledged and (b) marry Sutpen's daughter (his own half-sister). Charles Bon is a serious wrinkle in Sutpen's design. Plus, Sutpen's other son, Henry, is taking his brother's side!
Final union, completion, fulfillment
Henry shoots Charles but then disappears. Now Sutpen needs to get another son.
Faulkner just cannot give his characters a break. Sure, Sutpen gets really rich and he gets the son he always wanted, but then the whole "past" thing catches up with him. He ends up being killed by one of his own farmhands, and later his own daughter burns down the house. So yeah, like we said, rags to riches, maybe, but then back to rags (or, should we say ashes?).