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Acids and Bases

Acids and Bases

Acids and Bases Topics in Depth

What Are Acids and Bases?

Lemons and Protons When most of us hear the word acid, things such as lemons, batteries, and stomach juices come to mind. But what does it really mean to be an acid? In this guide, we'll dive into...

Water as an Acid and Base

The Double Life of WaterIf you thought water was a simple, innocent molecule, think again. By day, water is a refreshing drink. You might be surprised to learn that water also moonlights as both an...

pH: Definition and Measurement

Are you tired of writing out really tiny numbers in scientific notation to express the concentrations of H3O+ and OH-? Is all of the multiplying and dividing of those tiny numbers giving your wrist...

The Equilibria of Acid-Base Solutions

Strong Acid and Base Accounting 101In this section we will tackle the difficult challenge of calculating equilibrium concentrations of acid/base reactions. Fear not. We'll begin with the strong aci...

Salts and Acids and Bases

Pass the Salt, Acid, and Base PleaseIn this section we'll talk about the dirty little secret that some molecules disguised as innocuous salts can have acidic or basic tendencies. Here, a salt will...

Buffer Solutions and Titrations

The interplay of acids and bases and their conjugates is at the heart of the topics covered in this section. Think of them as a love square. These topics are critical for understanding the properti...

Properties that Determine Acid Strength

The Hottest New Trends for AcidsSo far we've seen a few definitions of an acid, with the most popular being the Brønsted-Lowry one that tells us an acid transfers proton. We also looked at example...

Common Mistakes

What Are Acids and Bases? Do not confuse acid and base strength with concentration. Increasing or decreasing the concentration of an acid or base does not change its strength. Don't think of acid o...

Test Your Knowledge

What Are Acids and Bases? 1. Which of the following bases satisfy the definition proposed by Brønsted and Lowry but do not satisfy the definition proposed by Arrhenius?I. Mg(OH)2II. CH3CH2COO-III....

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