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Themes

Frost takes an activity (apple-picking) that most would consider either good clean fun or hard manual labor, and gives it an unfamiliar and oh-so-slightly disconcerting edge. Apple-picking is done every year at orchards, and it signals the end of the harvesting season and the beginning of winter. It is a long process that cannot be done in a day or two at a large orchard. But this poem follows the poet Ezra Pound's famous advice: "Make it new." Its perspective of tradition and customs is analogous to the perspective of the speaker of the poem when he looks through that sheet of ice. The disorientation of the experience stays with you long afterwards.

Questions About Tradition and Customs

  1. Do you think anyone else is helping the speaker pick apples?
  2. Do you think he is picking apples on his own farm? Does he act like a farmer?
  3. Was the content of the poem different than you expected upon just reading the title? How so?
  4. Does he agree with the decision to pitch the fallen apples in the cider heap? Whose decision is it?

Chew on This

Try on an opinion or two, start a debate, or play the devil’s advocate.

Frost treats apple-picking as a secular ritual, parallel to the rituals of Christianity.

The speaker of this poem is a gentleman-farmer, the Jeffersonian ideal of a true democratic citizen.

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