We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.



by Thomas Hardy

Analysis: Shout Outs

When poets refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literature, Philosophy, and Mythology

  • "rise again" (line 19): This could be a reference to the Christian belief in physical resurrection on Judgment Day.

Historical References

  • "postern" (line 1): This word is so startlingly old-fashioned in this modernist poem that we're going to classify it as a historical reference. A "postern" is the back door out of a castle, but it sure wasn't in common usage at the time Hardy was writing.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...