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Roots of Common Terms in Animal Behavior

Roots

G = Greek, L = Latin, F = French

Agonistic

agon = "contest" (G)

Altruism

alteri huic = "to this other" (L)

Camouflage

camoufler = "to disguise" (F)

The word camouflage started being used in World War I when militaries began to dress in colors that allowed them to blend in.

Circadian

circa = "around" and dies = "day" (L)

Communication

communicare = "to share" (L)

Crepuscular

crepusculum = "twilight" (L)

Diurnal

diurnus= "daily", from dies = "day" (L)

Innate

in = "into" and nasci = "be born" (L)

Kinesis

kinein = "to move" (G)

Migration

migrat- = "moved or shifted" (L)

Monogamous

monos = "single" and gamos = "marriage" (G)

Nocturnal

nocturnus = "of the night" (L)

Pheromones

pherein = "convey" (G) + horman = "set in motion" (G)

Polygamous

polugamos = "often marrying" (G)

Signal

signum = "mark, token" (L)

Taxis

tassein = "arrange" (G)

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