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Animal Nutrition and Digestion: Time to Osmoregulate Quiz

Think you’ve got your head wrapped around Animal Nutrition and Digestion? Put your knowledge to the test. Good luck — the Stickman is counting on you!
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Q. The type of nitrogenous waste an animal will make depends on its       and       requirements.


energy / water
species / water
availability / energy
ammonia concentration / toxicity
osmoregulation / energy
Q. When in fresh water, salmon are       to their environment and excrete       urine.


hyperosmotic / dilute
hyperosmotic / concentrated
hypoosmotic / dilute
hypoosmotic / concentrated
isossmotic / dilute
Q. Within the nephron, active transport of NaCl occurs at the      .


proximal tubule
Descending Loop of Henle
Ascending Loop of Henle
Distal tubule
Collecting duct
Q. Filtrate in the medulla is       compared with the filtrate in the cortex.


Isosmotic
Regulated with active transport
Regulated with passive transport
Hyperosmotic
Hypoosmotic
Q. RAAS describes the process of renin conversion into      .


Aldosterone
Angiotensin II
ANP
Secretin
ADH
Q. Aldosterone responds to       to cause      .


Increased renin / increased water reabsorption
Increased blood osmolarity / increased water reabsorption
Increased blood osmolarity / decreased water reabsorption
Increased Angiotensin II / decreased NaCl reabsorption
Increased Angiotensin II / increased NaCl reabsorption
Q. Fatty acids are not absorbed in the small intestine. Rather, they are packaged into       and sent through the lymphatic system.


Bile
Chylomicrons
Epithelial transport chains
Triglycerides
Chyme
Q.       and       work together in the kidney to regulate pH.


HCO3- / NaCl
NH3 / HCO3-
H+ / NaCl
K+ / HCO3-
HCO3- / H+
Q. Increased blood volume stimulates the release of ANP. This peptide directly blocks       release to control blood volume.


Renin
ADH
Angiotensin II
Aldosterone
RAAS
Q. In the stomach, gastrin release stimulates the release of       from      .


HCl / chief cells
HCO3- / parietal cells
HCl / parietal cells
NaCl / pancreas
Secretin / pancreas
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