From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Animal Nutrition and Digestion

Animal Nutrition and Digestion

Animal Nutrition and Digestion: Time to Osmoregulate Quiz

Think you’ve got your head wrapped around Animal Nutrition and Digestion? Put your knowledge to the test. Good luck — the Stickman is counting on you!
Q. The type of nitrogenous waste an animal will make depends on its       and       requirements.

energy / water
species / water
availability / energy
ammonia concentration / toxicity
osmoregulation / energy
Q. When in fresh water, salmon are       to their environment and excrete       urine.

hyperosmotic / dilute
hyperosmotic / concentrated
hypoosmotic / dilute
hypoosmotic / concentrated
isossmotic / dilute
Q. Within the nephron, active transport of NaCl occurs at the      .

proximal tubule
Descending Loop of Henle
Ascending Loop of Henle
Distal tubule
Collecting duct
Q. Filtrate in the medulla is       compared with the filtrate in the cortex.

Regulated with active transport
Regulated with passive transport
Q. RAAS describes the process of renin conversion into      .

Angiotensin II
Q. Aldosterone responds to       to cause      .

Increased renin / increased water reabsorption
Increased blood osmolarity / increased water reabsorption
Increased blood osmolarity / decreased water reabsorption
Increased Angiotensin II / decreased NaCl reabsorption
Increased Angiotensin II / increased NaCl reabsorption
Q. Fatty acids are not absorbed in the small intestine. Rather, they are packaged into       and sent through the lymphatic system.

Epithelial transport chains
Q.       and       work together in the kidney to regulate pH.

HCO3- / NaCl
NH3 / HCO3-
H+ / NaCl
K+ / HCO3-
HCO3- / H+
Q. Increased blood volume stimulates the release of ANP. This peptide directly blocks       release to control blood volume.

Angiotensin II
Q. In the stomach, gastrin release stimulates the release of       from      .

HCl / chief cells
HCO3- / parietal cells
HCl / parietal cells
NaCl / pancreas
Secretin / pancreas