Animal Nutrition and Digestion
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Animal Nutrition and Digestion: Time to Osmoregulate Quiz
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Q. The type of nitrogenous waste an animal will make depends on its and requirements.
energy / water
species / water
availability / energy
ammonia concentration / toxicity
osmoregulation / energy
Q. When in fresh water, salmon are to their environment and excrete urine.
hyperosmotic / dilute
hyperosmotic / concentrated
hypoosmotic / dilute
hypoosmotic / concentrated
isossmotic / dilute
Q. Within the nephron, active transport of NaCl occurs at the .
Descending Loop of Henle
Ascending Loop of Henle
Q. Filtrate in the medulla is compared with the filtrate in the cortex.
Regulated with active transport
Regulated with passive transport
Q. RAAS describes the process of renin conversion into .
Q. Aldosterone responds to to cause .
Increased renin / increased water reabsorption
Increased blood osmolarity / increased water reabsorption
Increased blood osmolarity / decreased water reabsorption
Increased Angiotensin II / decreased NaCl reabsorption
Increased Angiotensin II / increased NaCl reabsorption
Q. Fatty acids are not absorbed in the small intestine. Rather, they are packaged into and sent through the lymphatic system.
Epithelial transport chains
Q. and work together in the kidney to regulate pH.
HCO3- / NaCl
NH3 / HCO3-
H+ / NaCl
K+ / HCO3-
HCO3- / H+
Q. Increased blood volume stimulates the release of ANP. This peptide directly blocks release to control blood volume.
Q. In the stomach, gastrin release stimulates the release of from .
HCl / chief cells
HCO3- / parietal cells
HCl / parietal cells
NaCl / pancreas
Secretin / pancreas