From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.

The Characters

Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory

In a hurry? Here's the happy meal version:

  • Old Major = Karl Marx, with a little bit of Vladimir Lenin thrown in
  • Snowball = Leon Trotsky
  • Napoleon = Josef Stalin, with a big fat allusion to, uh, Napoleon. (Bonaparte.)
  • Squealer = Propaganda in general; also possibly Vyacheslav Molotov in particular.
  • Moses = the Russian Orthodox Church
  • Boxer = Russian laborers and workers
  • Clover = Russian laborers and workers, of the female kind
  • Mollie = the bourgeoisie
  • Benjamin = possibly Orwell; possibly intellectuals in general
  • Mr. and Mrs. Jones = Tsar Nicholas II and his family; also capitalists in general
  • Mr. Pilkington = the U.S. and U.K.
  • Mr. Frederick = Hitler
  • Mr. Whymper = gullible westerners and intellectuals

Have time for a leisurely meal? Check out the "Character Analyses" for all these guys and gals.  

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...