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Roots of Common Terms in Animal Movement

ROOTS

L = Latin; G = Greek

Alveolus

alveus = channel or river (L)

Biped

bis = twice (L) + pes=foot (L)

Bound

bombus = a buzz or humming sound (L)

Capillaries

capilaris = pertaining to the hair (L)

Caudal fin

cauda = tail (L) + pinna = feather,wing (L)

Conduction

conduction = to bring together (L)

Density

densus = thick, crowded (L)

Diffusion

diffundo = spread or pour out (L)

Dynamic lift

dunamis = power (G)

Homeotherm

homoios = similar(G) + therme = heat (G)

Hydrostatic skeleton

hydro = water (G) + staticus = to cause to stand (G) + skeletos = dried body (G)

Lung 

levis = light (L)

Oviparous

ovum = egg (L) + parere = to bring forth (L)

Pace

passus = step (L)

Patagia

patagium = gilded edging of a woman's tunic (L)

Pectoral fins

pectus = chest, breast (L)

Poikilotherm

poikilo = variable (G) + therme = heat (G)

Quadruped

quadri = four + pes = foot (L)

Radiation

radiotios = glittering (L)

Respiration

respiration = breath (L)

Rotary gallop

rota = wheel (L)

Sessility

sessilis = sitting (L)

Trot

trotare = to go (L)

Trachea

trachea = windpipe (L)

Tranverse gallop

transversus = side-to-side (L)

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