"Babylon Revisited" takes place in 1930, just after the devastating stock market crash of 1929. Fitzgerald looks back with disgust (and, in one reading of "Babylon Revisited," not without a bit of nostalgia) for the wasteful and extravagant days of the 1920s. But the story is careful to remind us that the loss here is more than financial. In the story's famous conclusion, once-wealthy Charlie Wales insists that he may have lost a lot in the crash, but he lost everything he wanted in the boom (i.e., his wife, his daughter). In this way, money is corrosive in "Babylon Revisited"; excessive wealth leads to waste, self-destruction, and irresponsibility.
"Babylon Revisited" argues that money brings disaster.
"Babylon Revisited" is a largely personal tale for Fitzgerald, rooted in his own experiences.