by William Faulkner
Barn Burning Theme of Youth
Since the hero of "Barn Burning" is Sarty Snopes, a ten-year-old boy, it's no surprise that youth is a major theme. The story gets lots of mileage out of the contrast between Sarty's youthful vision of the events and the disturbing adult life he is forced to lead. As a coming-of-age story, this one is rather unique. Though Sarty doesn't come of age in a literal sense (he doesn't turn eighteen), he willingly takes on a host of adult roles. This extends to a feeling of responsibility for his neighbors – and their barns. He can't sit back and watch needless destruction (i.e., barn burning) without trying to stop it. At times, Sarty seems so mature that it's easy to forget he's only a kid.
Questions About Youth
- What kinds of obstacles might Sarty face as he goes into the world alone? What are some of the dangers and pitfalls he might come across?
- Sarty lives in the late 1800s. How might things be similar or different for a ten-year-old runaway today?
- Is Sarty a believable ten-year-old?
- The narrator says that Sarty feels "the terrible handicap of being young" (40). What does he mean? Have you ever felt handicapped by your age? Why or why not?
Chew on This
Sarty's seems to think poop on the rug is no big deal; this helps make him a believable ten-year-old.
Sarty is the most mature character in "Barn Burning."