"Beale Street Love" is set on – surprise, surprise – Beale Street, a center of African-American culture and blues music. Langston Hughes was well known for addressing the black experience in his poetry, and yet there is very little explicit discussion of race in this poem. Nevertheless, we know from the title, and from the use of the word "brown" that the people in the poem are black, which roots our poem in a very specific cultural context. Of course this begs the question: how does that context affect our reading of this poem?
"Beale Street Love" depicts a love that is unique to Beale Street. This type of relationship is not universal.
While the characters in this poem are African-American, its insights apply to human love in general.