From 11:00PM PDT on Friday, July 1 until 5:00AM PDT on Saturday, July 2, the Shmoop engineering elves will be making tweaks and improvements to the site. That means Shmoop will be unavailable for use during that time. Thanks for your patience!
We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Beat! Beat! Drums!

Beat! Beat! Drums!

  

by Walt Whitman

Analysis: Trivia

Brain Snacks: Tasty Tidbits of Knowledge

In his later revision of "Beat! Beat! Drums!", Walt Whitman took out some of the lines that help us figure out what exactly us going on. He replaced "a force of armed men" with "a ruthless force," and took out the words "Recruit! Recruit!" (Shmoop prefers the original: after all, isn't the original always better?)

Mr. Whitman was a big self-promoter. How big? Well, he'd take out ads promoting the upcoming publication of his poems and write anonymous reviews praising his work. (Source.)

Whitman had five brothers, two of whom (George and Andrew) served with the Union army in the Civil War. (Source.)

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...

Advertisement