| Quote #7
The monster wrenched and wrestled with him
The poet is careful not to give Beowulf all the credit for his victory against Grendel; if God hadn't wanted Beowulf to win, he reminds us, then he wouldn't win. In this context, religious faith means being willing to downplay your own abilities – or at least to be a little more humble and a little less boastful.
| Quote #8
Hrothgar spoke; he examined the hilt,
When the poet describes the engraved hilt of the sword that Beowulf brings up from Grendel's mother's lair, it's a strange mixture of pagan legend – a tribe of giants – and Christian story – the great flood. (Of course, sometimes critics interpret one of the kinds of angels in Genesis to be like giants, but that's probably not what's going on in this passage.)
| Quote #9
"It is a great wonder
The poet hammers home that every fate is ordained by God. If a king rules his people well and consistently, it's not necessarily because he's skilled, but because God has allowed his skills to flourish.