Up until the twentieth century, one of the most common questions in literature was, "What do men expect from women?" After a certain point, however, the question changed. In "Bernice Bobs Her Hair," we see a new issue emerge: what do women expect from women? This story asks us to evaluate and challenge traditional expectations of womanhood and femininity in comparison to a new kind of woman that exploded into life in the post-Victorian era. However, in the end, neither definition is totally satisfactory; Fitzgerald asks us to question whether or not we should create clear-cut models for femininity at all.
The conflict between Bernice and Marjorie reflects society's uneasily changing attitude towards women in the 1920s.
Through the unresolved ending of his story, Fitzgerald demonstrates that any attempt to clearly define the ideal standards of womanhood in a certain way is ultimately satisfactory.