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Types of Bonds and Orbitals

Types of Bonds and Orbitals

The Theme of The Periodic Table in Types of Bonds and Orbitals

This section will discuss various elements and how their positioning in the periodic table influences their bonding preferences.

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I'm a hopeless romantic, a nonmetal looking for another nonmetal to form a strong long-lasting covalent bond. I have seven valence electrons but am looking for that special someone to share an electron with—someone to make my outer shell complete. I have to admit, I'm the kind of atom that has a tendency to be in a polar relationship since I am more electronegative than most atoms. This causes me to selfishly tug on the electron pair I am sharing where I can take on a partial negative charge as a result, but if you're the type of atom that likes to be partially positively charged then we are a perfect match. 

I'm also open to non-polar bonds with other Fluorine atoms and am happy to share my electrons more equally. I'm not into double or triple bonds…that's too many bonds to keep track of for my monogamous personality. I'm looking for stability. I'm the type of atom that prefers to commit myself to one atom at a time. Forming a strong single sigma bond with one other atom is my idea of being complete. (Not to mention I only have one electron to share. Don't judge.) From my perspective, it's not the number of free electrons you've got—it's what you do with them.

I'm an optimist. I'm one of the most electropositive elements out there. Who needs electrons? My philosophy is if you've got an extra electron lying around why not just give it away. I only have one valence electron, so I often end up losing it to another atom. In fact, it's easier for me if an atom can just take it off my hands. I always feel more stable when I get rid of my one valence electron.

I'm just a lonely metal looking for a nonmetal to form an ionic bond with. I have to admit, though, sometimes I can react violently with other compounds like water and sulfuric acid. I don't know what it is, but I can get really explosive when I'm around those guys.

In the past, I've predominantly been in ionic bond relationships. I prefer to be a cation, it's kind of my thing. I'm not into double or triple bonds. I simply don't like sharing electrons. I like electronegative atoms that know what they want. If you're in need of that one electron to complete your set, I've got what you want.

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