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Walter Kugler is Max's good friend and former fist fighting partner. Walter is conscripted into the military and takes Max to a hiding place on November 9, 1938. This is the date of Kristallnacht, otherwise known as "the night of broken glass" (31.60). Kristallnacht is the first time Jews are forcibly removed from their homes in mass and sent to concentration camps. If it wasn't for Walter, Max would never have survived this terrible night.