Family values? What family values? In his depiction of the Karamazovs, Dostoevsky gives us a seriously dysfunctional clan that seems to undermine every traditional notion of what a family ought to be. No loving ties or tender care here. Fyodor is hardly the moral authority you'd expect in a father figure, and the sons – well, forget filial piety. And then there's the small matter of Fyodor's murder. While Smerdyakov may confess to the actual murder, Dostoevsky's novel suggests that all of the brothers, and in some sense, all of the readers, are symbolically responsible for Fyodor's death. The novel repeatedly draws attention to the ways that the exceptional Karamazovs actually represent the turbulent society of Dostoevsky's Russia, where conventional authorities such as the monarchy and the Russian Orthodox Church were challenged by liberal and radical ideas.
Fyodor's neglect of his duties as a father led to his death.
Dostoevsky's Brothers Karamazov suggests that the whole of Russian society lacks a fatherly authority figure that can give it moral guidance. Like the Karamazov family, it is doomed to self-destructive violence.