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Caedmon's <em>Hymn</em>

Caedmon's Hymn

  

by Caedmon

Analysis: Setting

Where It All Goes Down

From Bede's detailed backstory, we happen to know exactly where Caedmon was when he first recited this hymn: in a barn with an audience of one extremely powerful angel begging for a song. "I don't know how to sing," Caedmon protested (according to Bede). But the angel wasn't chilling in a cow barn for nothing. He was there for some late-night entertainment and snapped back with, "Nevertheless, you must sing."

But let's step back from the legendary context for a moment and consider the implied setting of the poem itself. Obviously this is a religious poem since its subject is God's creation of the universe, and that means the "we" of the first line is speaking on behalf of a larger Christian community.

What settings would be appropriate for this kind of poem? Monasteries and convents, churches—really anywhere that a lot of pious medieval people might gather. Wherever this poem takes place, it's clear that the main focus is on a higher setting than the one here on Earth: heaven.

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