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Citations

1 "California Gold Rush, 1848-1864," Learn California.org, http://www.learncalifornia.org/doc.asp?id=118, accessed 5 Jan 2009.
2 The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, Sup. J.D.B. DeBow, Bureau of the Census, http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1850a-01.pdf, accessed 5 January 2009; "Population of the United States in 1860," Eighth Census of the United States, Bureau of the Census Library, Sup. Joseph C. G. Kennedy, Bureau of the Census, http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1860a-15.pdf, accessed 24 November 2008.
3 Albert Hurtado, Indian Survival on the California Frontier (Yale, 1990).
4 David Wyatt, Five Fires: Race, Catastrophe, and the Shaping of California (Oxford, 1999), 78.
5 Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial Edition, ed. Susan Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael Haines, Alan Olmsted, Richard Sutch and Gavin Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://hsus.cambridge.org/, accessed 5 January 2009.
6 Walter B. Smith, "Wage Rates on the Erie Canal, 1828-1881," Journal of Economic History 23:3 (Sept. 1963).
7 "Timeline," The Gold Rush, American Experience, PBS, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/timeline/index.html, accessed 5 January 2009.
8 Gold Rush, film, dir. Randall MacLowry, (2006; San Francisco, CA and Boston, MA: PBS, American Experience), transcript online at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/filmmore/pt.html, accessed 5 January 2009.
9 Gold Rush, film, dir. Randall MacLowry, (2006; San Francisco, CA and Boston, MA: PBS, American Experience), transcript online at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/filmmore/pt.html, accessed 5 January 2009.
10 David Wyatt, Five Fires: Race, Catastrophe, and the Shaping of California (Oxford, 1999), 78
11 Timeline, The Gold Rush, Sacramento Bee, http://www.calgoldrush.com/resources/gr_timeline.html, accessed 14 May 2007.
12 Timeline, The Gold Rush, Sacramento Bee, http://www.calgoldrush.com/resources/gr_timeline.html, accessed 14 May 2007.
13 "Early History of the San Francisco Fire Department," The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco, citing the Municipal Record, City and County of San Francisco, 15 October 1925, http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist1/fire.html, accessed 5 January 2009.
14 James Ford Rhodes, History of the United States from the Compromise of 1850 (New York: Harper, 1896-1906), 168.
15 Gold Rush, film, dir. Randall MacLowry, (2006; San Francisco, CA and Boston, MA: PBS, American Experience), transcript online at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/filmmore/pt.html, accessed 5 January 2009.
16 Gold Rush, film, dir. Randall MacLowry, (2006; San Francisco, CA and Boston, MA: PBS, American Experience), transcript online at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldrush/filmmore/pt.html, accessed 5 January 2009.
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