Canto I Suffering Quotes
How we cite our quotes:
Bore sheep aboard her, and our bodies also
Heavy with weeping, (4-5)
First of all, it can't be easy to get a bunch of sheep onto an old-timey wooden ship. On top of that, it can't be easy to do this when you've got a body that "Heavy with weeping." Do you know what Homer's talking about here? Have you ever cried so badly that it leaves your abs and legs feeling tired? That's kind of what he means when he says the sailors' bodies were heavy with weeping.
Souls out of Erebus, cadaverous dead, of brides
Of youths and of the old who had borne much;
Souls stained with recent tears, (29-31)
When Odysseus meets the spirits of the underworld, it's not like he's only running into old men. He's running into all sorts of people, including people who died when they were still young, like brides and youths. These people were in the prime of life when they died, and truth be told, it might have been Odysseus who killed some of them. The guy did, after all, just get finished with massacring the city of Troy.
But first Elpenor came, our fried Elpenor,
Unburied, cast on the wide earth. […]
Unwept, unwrapped in sepulcher, since toils urged other. (42-45)
So when Odysseus runs into his old buddy Elpenor in the underworld, things get a little awkward. First, Odysseus is all like, "Hey, I just saw you a few days ago. When (and how) did you die?" And Elpenor is all like, "Hey man, you gotta turn back and make sure I get buried, or else I'm suffering in limbo for all eternity."