Ask your average person on the street to name as many famous golfers as they can, and they'll probably nervously shout "Tiger!" at you before sheepishly running away. People usually don't like street questions from strangers.
If you've tuned in to SportsCenter, or accidently lost the remote while the TV was stuck on the Golf Channel, you may have heard a couple other names. There's a slew of second-tier golfers who may be recognizable to some and known by most casual golfers...but, yeah, you shouldn't be getting into this for the fame.
This isn't America's most popular (or even fifth most-popular) sport, so it's not all that high on the national recognition scale. If you really want some fame, try creating your own beverage. It worked for Arnold Palmer. Did you know that guy was a pro golfer, too?