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Roots of Common Terms in Glycolysis and Cellular Respiration

(L = Latin, G = Greek, F = French, Ge = German, U = Unknown Origin)

Acetyl

acetum = vinegar (L)

Aerobic

aero = air (L); bios = life (G)

Anaerobic

an = without; aero = air (L); bios = life (G)

Citric Acid

citrus (L)

Endosymbiosis

endon = within (G); sumbion = living together (G)

Fermentation

fermentum = yeast (L)

Glycolysis

glycol = relating to sugar, from glukus = sweet (G); lysis = splitting, from lusis = loosening (G)

Kilocalorie

kilo = thousand, from khilioi (G); calor = heat (L)

Lactic Acid

lac = milk (L)

Metabolism

metaballein = to change (G)

Mitochondria

mitos = thread (G); khondrian = granule (G)

Oxaloacetate

oxalo = derived from oxalic acid, from oxus = sour (G)

Pyruvate

pyruvicum, from pyro (acid) and uva = grape (L)

Synthase

sun = with (G)

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