© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Experience)

The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Experience)


by William Blake

The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Experience) Theme of Happiness

Okay, okay, so "The Chimney Sweeper" isn't very happy. but the chimney sweeper mentions happiness several times. At first, the sweeper says he used to be happy, before he was mistreated by his parents and forced to clean chimneys. But then, in the final stanza, he says he is still happy in some sense. This raises the question: what does it mean to be happy for a kid who's forced into the chimney-sweeping life?

Questions About Happiness

  1. Why does the chimney sweeper say he is happy? Do you think he really means it? Or is he just saying that?
  2. Why does the chimney sweeper talk about dancing?
  3. How are happiness and sadness related in this poem? Can you have one without the other?

Chew on This

Try on an opinion or two, start a debate, or play the devil’s advocate.

The kid is happy (and yes, he's really happy), because kids are resilient, and that's what this poem is really about.

This kid isn't happy at all. He's just faking it to save his parents the trouble of doing anything about it.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...