# Circles

### Topics

## Introduction to :

Let's say you're sharing a pizza with three friends. You order from Inconvenient Pizzas, Inc. because their commercials say their prices are "Unbeatably Low!" Two hours later than promised, a nice man delivers the pizza to your house. Like all pizzas from Inconvenient, your pizza is entirely whole and uncut. Well, what do you expect?

You four are extremely hungry and need to eat that pizza quickly. You decide to share the pizza equally. Since there are 360 degrees in a circle, you say, "Okay guys, let's each cut our own slice. We'll each cut an angle that intercepts an arc of 90 degrees." You mark out four points 90° of arc away from each other.

You're expecting a nice, orderly, evenly split pizza. Unfortunately, your friend Wise Guy Louie is in charge of cutting the first slice, and to mess with you guys, he cuts it like this.

"Wise Guy Louie!" you all exclaim.

"What?" he says with a grin. "I did just what you told me."

As infuriating as he is, Wise Guy Louie is right. Arc *AB*, which is indeed intercepted by the angle he cut, still has measure 90°. But now the pizza is all messed up because instead of cutting a *central *angle as you expected him to, he cut an *inscribed *angle.

If an angle has its vertex on a circle and has sides containing two chords of the same circle, then the angle is **inscribed** in that circle.

While you and your friends in the pizza situation understandably find inscribed angles annoying, they have some interesting properties. We know that Wise Guy Louie's angle intercepted an arc of measure 90°, but can we find the measure of the *angle*? And let's say we wanted to find the opposite: if we knew the measure of an inscribed angle was, say, 34°, could we find the measure of the arc it intercepts?

#### Example 1

Given that ∠ |

#### Example 2

Now suppose m∠ |

#### Example 3

In the figure below, points |

#### Example 4

Refer to the same figure, but suppose instead that m∠ |

#### Example 5

In the figure below, points |

#### Example 6

In the figure below, Δ |

#### Exercise 1

Suppose an inscribed angle has a measure of 78°. What is the measure of the arc it intercepts?

#### Exercise 2

An inscribed angle has a measure of 160°. What is the measure of the arc it intercepts?

#### Exercise 3

An inscribed angle has a measure of 13°. What is the measure of the arc it intercepts?

#### Exercise 4

An inscribed angle intercepts an arc of 124°. What is the measure of the inscribed angle?

#### Exercise 5

An inscribed angle intercepts an arc of 180°. What is the measure of the inscribed angle?

#### Exercise 6

An inscribed angle intercepts an arc of 95°. What is the measure of the inscribed angle?

#### Exercise 7

In the figure below, points *A*, *B*, *C*, and *D* are on the circle. m∠*ADC* = 90° and m*AB* = 84°. What is m∠*CDB*?

#### Exercise 8

In the figure below, points *A*, *B*, *C*, and *D* are on ⊙*O* and m∠*ABC* = 150°. What is m∠*AOC*?