Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929 - 1968) was the young pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama who rose to prominence in the movement for civil rights. He remains to this day a symbol of the non-violent struggle against segregation.
In 1965, King launched a voting rights campaign in Selma, Alabama, a city where only 355 of 15,000 black residents had managed to register to vote. The following year, he moved his family north to Chicago to focus his energies on discrimination in housing and employment in northern cities. Still, by the mid-1960s, many younger black activists, such as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael, found the non-violent leader to be out of touch with the plight of blacks living in the inner city. King's murder in April 1968 confirmed for activists both radical and moderate that non-violence failed to change white society.