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Civil Rights Movement: Desegregation

Civil Rights Movement: Desegregation

 Table of Contents

Civil Rights Movement: Desegregation Learning Guide: Citations

Sources we cite in Civil Rights Movement: Desegregation

1 The full text of A. Philip Randolph's call for the March on Washington, an address delivered on 26 September 1942 before the MOWM meeting in Detroit, Michigan, http://www.bsos.umd.edu/aasp/chateauvert/mowmcall.htm, accessed 9 July 2009.
2 Southern senators quoted in Waldo E. Martin, Jr., Brown V. Board of Education: A Brief History with Documents (Boston, 1998), 220.
3 Minniejean Brown quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 117.
4 Ernest Green quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 118.
5 Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty: An American History, Vol. 2 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2006), 767.
6 Black leadership quoted in Leon F. Litwack and Winthrop D. Jordan, The United States: Becoming a World Power, Vol. II (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1991), 711.
7 U.S. Supreme Court quoted in Leon F. Litwack and Winthrop D. Jordan, The United States: Becoming a World Power, Vol. II (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1991), 770.
8 Martin Luther King, Jr. quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 76.
9 Diane Nash quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 130-131.
10 Horace Cayton quoted in Leon F. Litwack and Winthrop D. Jordan, The United States: Becoming a World Power, Vol. II (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1991), 674.
11 For more information see Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty: An American History, Vol. 2 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2006), 766-767.
12 White Citizens' Council quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 39.
13 For a deeper discussion of the road leading to the Brown v. Board case, see Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 1-36.
14 Waldo E. Martin, Jr., Brown V. Board of Education: A Brief History with Documents (Boston, 1998), 168-174.
15 James F. Byrnes quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 34.
16 Herman Talmadge quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 34.
17 Walter Givhan quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 38.
18 Dwight D. Eisenhower quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 38.
19 Strom Thurmond and Harry Byrd quoted in Waldo E. Martin, Jr., Brown V. Board of Education: A Brief History with Documents (Boston, 1998), 220.
20 Charles Houston quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 35.
21 For a more detailed account of the incident at the Bryant store see an interview with Mamie Mobley in Studs Terkel, Race: How Blacks and Whites Think and Feel About the American Obsession (New York: Random House, Inc, 1993), 19-26, and Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 42.
22 Mamie Mobley quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 41.
23 Anne Moody, Coming of Age in Mississippi (New York: Dell Publishing, 1968).
24 Myrlie Evers quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 47.
25 Charles Diggs, Jr. quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 49.
26 Dwight D. Eisenhower quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 38.
27 Dwight D. Eisenhower quoted in Steven F. Lawson, Black Ballots: Voting Rights in the South, 1944-1969 (Lanham: Lexington Books, 1999), 179.
28 The full text of John F. Kennedy's Civil Rights speech, delivered on national television on 11 June 1963, http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/13/documents/jfk.civil
29 Eric Foner, Give Me Liberty: An American History, Vol. 1 & 2 (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2006).
30 Mamie Mobley quoted in Studs Terkel, Race: How Blacks and Whites Think and Feel About the American Obsession, (New York: The New Press, 1992), 21.
31 Eyes on the Prize: Ain't Scared of Your Jails (1960-1961) , Blackside, Inc., 1986.
32 Eyes on the Prize: Ain't Scared of Your Jails (1960-1961) , Blackside, Inc., 1986.
33 Historical Statistics of the United States: Millennial Edition, ed. Susan Carter, Scott Sigmund Gartner, Michael Haines, Alan Olmsted, Richard Sutch and Gavin Wright (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), http://hsus.cambridge.org/, accessed 5 January 2009.
34 Eyes on the Prize: Ain't Scared of Your Jails (1960-1961) , Blackside, Inc., 1986.
35 Eyes on the Prize: Ain't Scared of Your Jails (1960-1961) , Blackside, Inc., 1986.
36 Eyes on the Prize: Ain't Scared of Your Jails (1960-1961) , Blackside, Inc., 1986.
37 George Gallup, "Eisenhower Leads List of 10 Most Admired Men in World," Public Opinion News Service, 28 December 1958.
38 Waldo E. Martin, Jr., Brown v. Board of Education: A Brief History with Documents, (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1998), 222.
39 See Council of Conservative Citizens, http://www.cofcc.org.
40 Sarah Killingsworth quoted in Studs Terkel, The Good War: An Oral History of World War II (New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 1984), 116.
41 President Dwight Eisenhower quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 38.
42 Charles Houston quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 35.
43 Charles Diggs quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 49.
44 Letter from Lew Sadler to the Chicago Defender quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 55.
45 Handbill reprinted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 68.
46 Virginia Durr quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 82-83.
47 Little Rock Chamber of Commerce quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 118-119.
48 Diane Nash quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 130.
49 James Jackson Kilpatrick quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 28.
50 John Lewis quoted in Juan Williams, Eyes on the Prize: America's Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965 (New York: Viking Penguin, Inc., 1987), 139.
51 President John F. Kennedy's speech delivered on national television 11 June 1963; http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/13/documents/jfk.civil/, accessed 9 January 2009.

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