The Civil War Terms
Compromise Of 1850Haven't had enough compromises yet? Here's another one! A negotiated settlement devised again by Senator Henry Clay to defuse tensions building between pro-slavery and anti-slavery political factions in congress. The compromise included the admission of California into the Union as a free state (it didn't want to have to check in with anyone if it ever decided to sail west to hang out with Japan), the passage of a strengthened Fugitive Slave Act, and the decision to delay the determination of the slave status of the New Mexico and Utah territories. All in all, it was a good compromise that succeeded in keeping the peace a little longer. Dr. Phil would have been proud. Sort of.
Fugitive Slave Act Of 1850, Fugitive Slave ActA strengthened version of a law originally passed in 1793, this act was passed as part of the Compromise of 1850. It gave the federal government authority, and in many ways forced federal agents, to capture escaped slaves and prosecute anyone aiding runaways. Harriet Tubman was at the top of their "Most Wanted" list. She looked pretty vicious on the poster they hung up at the post office. The Act was profoundly controversial in the North and aroused resentment among those who believed it solidified the political power of southern slaveholders. It turns out it was a temporary situation, so it's all good.
Missouri CompromiseKentucky Senator Henry Clay proposed this deal in 1820 to resolve disputes between pro-slavery and anti-slavery advocates in Congress. It granted admission to Missouri as a slave state but offset it by admitting Maine as a free state. It also prohibited slavery in all territory north of Missouri. Because of this unique bond, Maine claims to know what Missouri is thinking and feeling at all times, and vice versa. It's a twin thing. Eventually, the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 repealed this compromise by lifting the ban on slavery north of the Missouri Compromise line.
Republican Party, RepublicansA political party created in 1854 by anti-slavery Whigs, Democrats, Free Soilers, and Know-Nothings in response to the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Forgive us. We're still giggling about "Free Soilers."
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