Colonial New England
King George II in Colonial New England
King George II (1683-1760) was king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1727-60. During his reign British forces waged a third and inconclusive battle with the French for domination of the North American continent. It was the American phase of the War of the Austrian Succession, known as King George's War in America.
The war, which lasted from 1744-1748, began over boundary disputes between the French and English concerning Acadia (present-day Nova Scotia) and northern New England. Significantly, King George's War was also fought to determine which power would hold control over the Ohio Valley. Throughout, both sides employed Indian allies to raid each other's border towns. New Englanders scored the only important victory in the conflict when they captured Louisbourg, Cape Breton Island in 1745. But both Britain and France were consumed with the European theater and committed resources to the North American conflict. Finally the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle was signed in 1748, restoring conquered territory to both parties (including Louisburg to France), but failing to resolve lingering resentments or colonial questions.