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King Charles II

Charles II (1630-1685) was king of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1660-85. At sixteen he was forced to flee to France during the English Civil War. He stayed with his mother and was tutored by...

King James II

James II (1633-1701) was king of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1685-88. Significantly, James converted to Roman Catholicism around 1668. He consented to the marriage of his daughter Mary (lat...

Anne Bradstreet

Anne Bradstreet (c.1612-1672) is considered the first significant female author in the American colonies and one of the first poets to write English verse in North America. She composed a collectio...

Edmund Andros

Sir Edmund Andros (1637-1714) served as governor of New England after being appointed by King James II. When he took up his post in 1686, Andros sought to reduce colonial autonomy by combining the...

King William III

King William III (1650-1702), also called William of Orange or William Henry, Prince of Orange, reigned as king of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1689-1702, ruling jointly with his wife Queen...

Queen Mary II

Queen Mary II (1662-1694) was queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1689 until her death in 1694. She ruled jointly with her husband, William III. They were both Protestant, and overthrew he...

Queen Anne

Queen Anne (1665-1714) was Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1702 until the Act of Union in 1707, when she became monarch of Great Britain and Ireland, a position she would hold until he...

King George I

King George I (1660-1727) was King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714-27. As the first British sovereign from the house of Hanover, George was personally unpopular in England due to his German...

King George II

King George II (1683-1760) was king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1727-60. During his reign British forces waged a third and inconclusive battle with the French for domination of the North Amer...

King George III

King George III (1738-1820), or George William Frederick, was king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1760-1820. He ascended to the throne just as the French and Indian War was coming to a close, a...

Jacob Leisler

Jacob Leisler (1640-1691) was a German immigrant who led an insurrection against local colonial officials from 1689 to 1691 in colonial New York. A penniless soldier, he shared in the widespread co...
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