We have changed our privacy policy. In addition, we use cookies on our website for various purposes. By continuing on our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can learn about our practices by reading our privacy policy.
© 2016 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.

The Columbian Exchange Learning Guide: Citations

Sources we cite in The Columbian Exchange

1 Charles C. Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus (New York, 2005), 96.
2 Charles C. Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus (New York, 2005), 143.
3 Quoted in Alfred W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (Cambridge, 1986), 208.
4 Quoted in Alfred W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (Cambridge, 1986), 215.
5 Alfred Crosby, "The Columbian Exchange: Plants, Animals, and Disease between the Old and New Worlds," December 2001, Native Americans and the Land, The National Humanities Center, http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nattrans/ntecoindian/essays/columbian.htm, accessed 7 January 2009.
6 Alfred Crosby, "The Columbian Exchange: Plants, Animals, and Disease between the Old and New Worlds," December 2001, Native Americans and the Land, The National Humanities Center, http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/nattrans/ntecoindian/essays/columbian.htm, accessed 7 January 2009.
7 Charles C. Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus (New York, 2005), 140
8 Charles C. Mann, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus (New York, 2005), 71.
9 Quoted in Alfred W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (Cambridge, 1986), 208.
10 Quoted in Alfred W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (Cambridge, 1986), 215.
11 Alfred W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (Cambridge, 1986), 131.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...

Advertisement