Cyrano de Bergerac is steeped in the history and culture of seventeenth century France. Though the playwright lived more than 200 years after this era, he goes to great pains to make it as faithful to the time as possible. His text is littered with references to real historical figures, artists, thinkers, philosophers, teachers, actors, and writers. The play both honors and mocks the frippery of the French court in his constant allusions to The Three Musketeers, the most famous novel written about this time period.
In depicting Cyrano as a hero and Christian as a martyr, Rostand ultimately approves of and honors the ideals of seventeenth century France in his play.
In depicting Comte de Guiche as vengeful and the minor characters as vain, Rostand mocks the ideals of seventeenth century France.