* Site-Outage Notice: Our engineering elves will be tweaking the Shmoop site from Monday, December 22 10:00 PM PST to Tuesday, December 23 5:00 AM PST. The site will be unavailable during this time.
Dismiss
© 2014 Shmoop University, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cyrano de Bergerac

Cyrano de Bergerac

by Edmond Rostand

Analysis: Plot Analysis

Most good stories start with a fundamental list of ingredients: the initial situation, conflict, complication, climax, suspense, denouement, and conclusion. Great writers sometimes shake up the recipe and add some spice.

Initial Situation

Love triangles (squares?).

There’s quite a bit of conflict even in our opening scene. Christian and Cyrano are both in love with the Lady Roxane. However, the powerful Comte de Guiche has other plans for her – first trying to marry her off to Vicomte de Valvert, then lusting after her himself. Love triangles always spell trouble, as do grudges and trigger-happy glove-slapping duelists.

Conflict

Cyrano takes the job of helping Christian woo Roxane.

This is the play’s primary conflict – should Cyrano be satisfied with winning Roxane’s love, though he cannot have it for himself? Is it OK for him to deceive the object of his affection like this? Is he willing to make her happy though it means misery for himself?

Complication

De Guiche is back – and he wants to have Roxane. Christian is fed up with his odd state of half-wooing the woman he loves.

Christian certainly complicates things for Cyrano by being incredibly difficult during the balcony scene – he almost blows their cover. But the real complication is the everyone-goes-to-war-and-will-likely-die bit. And until Roxane pulls her fake reading of the letter, her situation isn’t exactly straightforward either.

Climax

Roxane stops being a shallow chick; Christian realizes Cyrano loves her; Cyrano almost confesses’ and Christian gets shot.

That is quite the climax. Notice how the emotional peak (Roxane’s new-found and non-shallow love) matches the mental peak (Christian realizing what’s up with the wooing gig) and the physical peak (Christian getting shot). Coincidence? Probably not.

Suspense

De Guiche delivers a veiled threat to Cyrano’s life when talking with Le Bret.

And the audience is all, "Oh, no! Sounds like we’re in the suspense stage!"

Denouement

Cyrano is dying and Roxane realizes he loved her the whole time.

As soon as we know for sure that Cyrano is on the way out, we’re into the denouement stage. All is revealed as Roxane finally looks up from embroidery, which means we don’t have the suspense of deceit and guise anymore either.

Conclusion

Roxane declares she loves Cyrano, and he promptly dies.

In his last living moments, Cyrano maintains his goal from Act I: "To be in all things admirable." He dies still fighting, on his feet, and focused on his untarnished white plume.

People who Shmooped this also Shmooped...

Advertisement
Noodle's College Search
Advertisement
Advertisement
Advertisement