Cyrano de Bergerac takes a negative view of revenge. The one villainous character becomes the symbol of obsessive vengeance even for the pettiest of offenses. Forgiveness, on the other hand, is a female trait, as embodied by the play’s leading lady. The story also draws a distinction between getting revenge and avenging; the former is petty, while the latter noble. One is driven by pure spite, whereas the other follows a sense of justice.
Using their wits, Cyrano, Roxane, and de Guiche all take various forms of revenge in the play; de Guiche should not be seen as the only villain.