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by Sylvia Plath

Analysis: Shout Outs

When poets refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Literary and Philosophical References

Historical References

Geographical References

  • San Francisco, California (line 10)
  • Nauset, Massachusetts (lines 11-13)
  • Concentration camps: Dachau, Germany; Auschwitz, Poland; Belsen, Germany (line 33)
  • The Tyrol Mountains (line 36)
  • Vienna, Austria (line 36)

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