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by Daniel Decatur Emmett

Video & Audio

Vintage “Dixie”

This 1916 recording comes close to the demonstrating how the song would have been performed in 1859.

“Dixie—to Arms”

Albert Pike’s pro-South reworking of the song after the start of the Civil War.

“Dixie for the Union”

Francis Crosby’s pro-Union version, written in response to Southern appropriation of the song.

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