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by George Eliot
Analysis: Allusions When authors refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.
Literary and Philosophical References Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1.6) John Keats, " Lamia " (1.19) Moliere, Les Préciuses Ridicules (4.Epigraph) Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales: The Clerk's Tale (4.1) William Shakespeare, (4.5) Macbeth William Shakespeare, (5.Epigraph) Much Ado About Nothing Goethe, (5.11) Faust William Shakespeare (5.17; 16.10) William Shakespeare, (5.25) A Midsummer Night's Dream Alexander Pope (5.50) Fontenelle, (6.Epigraph) Pluralité des Mondes William Shakespeare, (6.15; 29.64) Othello William Browne, (6.23; 52.5) Brittania's Pastorals Jean Racine (6.28) Homer, (6.32, 10.25) The Iliad William Shakespeare, (6.34; 31.Epigraph) The Winter's Tale Edmund Spenser, Shepheard's Calendar (7.Epigraph) Charles Lamb , (7.Epigraph) Specimens of English Dramatic Poets Calypso, from Homer, (10.6) The Odyssey Apollo, Greek god of light, sun, truth, archery, and more! (10.10) George Gordon, Lord Byron (11.48; 16.43) Sir Joshua Reynolds, Nineteenth-century British painter (11.56) Giacomo Meyerbeer, Opera Composer (11.81) Eugene Scribe, Opera Librettist (11.81) and Maid Marian (11.109) Robin Hood William Shakespeare, (12.Epigraph) Henry IV William Cowper, Seventeenth-century British poet (13.23) Theocritus, (14.1) Idylls William Shakespeare, (14.33) As You Like It Sir Thomas Browne, (15.Epigraph) Pseudodoxia Epidemica Diana, Goddess of the hunt, the moon, and chastity (15.21) Peter Lely (16.8) Sir Godfrey Kneller (16.8) Leibnitz (16.40) Richard Porson (16.40) Percy Bysshe Shelley (16.57) Charles Lamb (16.60) Hans Holbein (16.60; 39.36) Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Locksley Hall (17.Epigraph) William Wordsworth, "Ode: Intimations of Immortality" (17.2) Titian (17.2) Friedrich Schiller (18.10) The Book of Revelations (18.10) Laurence Sterne, (19.Epigraph) Sentimental Journey Aeschylus, The Oresteia (19.2) William Shakespeare, Henry VIII (22.1) Homer, (22.7; 37.Epigraph) The Odyssey Felix Mendelssohn (22.8) Franz Schubert (22.19) William Shakespeare, (23.67) Romeo and Juliet William Wordsworth, " The Affliction of Margaret " (24.Epigraph) La Rochefoucauld, Maximes (28.Epigraph; 52.Epigraph) Walt Whitman, " Vocalism " (29.Epigraph) William Shakespeare, (29.41) The Tempest Samuel Richardson, Clarissa (32.8) Sophocles, (32.45) Antigone Ludwig von Beethoven (32.57) Heinrich Heine, "Prinzessin Sabbath" (34.Epigraph) La Fontaine, Fables (36.Epigraph) Homer (37.16) John Milton (37.35) William Shakespeare, King John (37.104) William Shakespeare, (37.104) King Lear Prometheus (38.Epigraph) Baruch de Spinoza (38.2) Jehuda ha-Levi, Hebrew poet (38.12) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, " West-östlicher Divan " William Wordsworth, (40.Epigraph) The Excursion Titian, (40.18) Tribute Money Aristotle, (41.Epigraph) Poetics John Milton, (41.3) Paradise Regained Leopold Zunz, (42.Epigraph) Die Synagogale Poesie des Mittelalters Percy Bysshe Shelley, (42.37) Prometheus Unbound Sir Walter Scott (42.39) Voltaire (42.70) John Keats, "Sonnet on Seeing the Elgin Marbles" (43.Epigraph) Montaigne, (46.Epigraph) On Friendship William Wordsworth, "A Poet's Epitaph" (47.Epigraph) Medusa (48.93) Robert Browning, "Paracelsus" (50.Epigraph) Dante, (50.16; 55.Epigraph) Inferno George Eliot, "Erinna" (51.Epigraph) Rembrandt (52.3) Psalm 74 (52.3) Janus, Roman god of doorways (52.3) Gainsborough (52.6) Schiller, (52.57) Don Carlos William Shakespeare, (53.Epigraph) Antony and Cleopatra Percy Bysshe Shelley, "The Cenci" (54.Epigraph) Dante, (54.1; 64.Epigraph) Purgatorio Samuel Taylor Coleridge, " Rime of the Ancient Mariner " (56.Epigraph) Marcus Aurelius (57.Epigraph) Nicholas Breton, "Phillida and Coridon" (58.Epigraph) William Shakespeare, Richard II (59.Epigraph) Jeremy Taylor, " Via intelligentiae: A Sermon Preached to the University of Dublin, shewing by what means the scholars shall become most learned and most useful." (60.Epigraph) John Milton, (60.6) Areopagitica Guido Guinicelli, Canzone (61.Epigraph) Heinrich Heine, " Lamentations " (62.Epigraph) Heinrich Heine, "Geständnisse" (63.Epigraph) John Milton, (65.Epigraph) Comus Robert Browning, (66.Epigraph) The Ring and the Book Samuel Taylor Coleridge, "Love" (68.Epigraph) William Wordsworth, (69.Epigraph) The Prelude The Book of Ruth (70.13) John Milton, Samson Agonistes (70.15) Historical References Pop Culture References
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