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by Paul Celan

Analysis: Shout Outs

When poets refer to other great works, people, and events, it’s usually not accidental. Put on your super-sleuth hat and figure out why.

Religious References

  • Book of Exodus 3:8 and the "land flowing with milk and honey" (lines 1-3)
  • Faust by Wolfgang von Goethe (line 6)
  • "Song of Songs" from Hebrew scripture and the Old Testament (line 16)

German Cultural References

Historical References

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