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Differential Equations

Differential Equations

At a Glance - The Scoop on Euler



Euler's Method is a bunch of tangent line approximations stuck together. The basic idea is that you start with a differential equation and a point. You do a tangent line approximation to get a new point.

Then you use the new point to do another tangent line approximation.

You do this over and over until you get to the end (which will be specified in the problem). The catch is that, after the first tangent line, instead of drawing real tangent lines you'll be drawing pretend tangent lines. This will make more sense after a couple of examples.

Example 1

Let y be the solution to the differential equation

that passes through the point (0, 0). Use Euler's Method to estimate y(1) with step size Δ x = 0.5.


Example 2

Let y be the solution to the differential equation

that passes through the point (0, 0). Use Euler's Method to estimate y(1) with step size Δ x = 0.2.


Example 3

The function y is a solution to the differential equation

with y(0) = 5. Estimate y(1) using Euler's method with two steps.


Exercise 1

Let y be the solution to the differential equation

that passes through the point (0, 0). Use Euler's Method to estimate y(1) with step size Δ x = 0.25.


Exercise 2

The function y = f (x) is a solution to the differential equation

and f (0) = 5. Estimate y(1) using Euler's method with four steps.


Exercise 3

The function y = f(x) is a solution to the d.e. y ' = x + y.

Estimate f(2) using Euler's method with 4 steps given that

f(0) = 1.


Exercise 4

Let y = f (x) be the solution to the initial value problem

Use Euler's method to estimate f (4) using 5 steps.


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