Checking to see if a given function satisfies a given differential equation isn't too horrible of a task (at least for the functions you'll encounter in Calculus).
The task of solving differential equations from scratch is a bit different.
Differential equations fall into several very, very broad categories:
- ones you can solve right now by thinking backwards
- ones you'll be able to solve by the end of the calculus class
- ones you'll be able to solve if you take other courses about differential equations, and
- ones that people at places like MIT are still working on
We need to ignore most of these for now and concentrate on the ones you can solve by thinking backwards.