David has a complicated relationship with Justice and Judgment. Initially in Disgrace, a system of judgment acts upon him – you might even say against him – and changes the course of his life. When Melanie files a complaint against David, he has to appear before a committee that judges his actions and punishes him by recommending that he lose his job. However, after moving to the Eastern Cape, the tables turn. Rather than being someone who is punished by a system of justice and judgments, in the Eastern Cape, David instead has to seek justice on behalf of Lucy. Unfortunately for David, this justice is more elusive than he would hope.
In Disgrace, the ways in which people are brought to justice are inherently flawed.
In Disgrace, it's not the systems that are flawed; rather, people are too scared of what consequences might arise if they seek justice.