by Christopher Marlowe
Doctor Faustus Philosophical Viewpoints: Predestination Quotes
How we cite our quotes: (Act.Scene.Line)
[...] Dost thou think that Faustus shall be damned?
Ay, of necessity, for here's the scroll
In which thou hast given thy soul to Lucifer. (2.1.124-126)
Here again, we see Faustus not quite convinced that his fate is sealed. Mephistopheles is all, um, dude, you wrote it down in your own blood. But Faustus gave his soul to Lucifer, which means it was a conscious choice. So if Faustus made that choice, what's to stop him from making a different choice later on? Backsies?
Faustus, repent; yet God will pity thee.
Thou art a spirit; God cannot pity thee.
Who buzzeth in mine ears I am a spirit?
Be I a devil, yet God may pity me;
Yea, God will pity me, if I repent.
Ay, but Faustus never shall repent.
My heart is hardened; I cannot repent.
Scarce can I name salvation, faith, or heaven. (2.3.12-18)
Well here's one theory of the way Predestination works, and one that doesn't deny the possibility of repentance and forgiveness. God will forgive the repentant, goes the theory, but only those who are predestined to repent will do so. Quite the Catch-22, eh? Faustus says his heart is "hardened," which means he cannot repent. A Calvinist would see this as evidence that he is indeed predestined for Hell. Well at least we got that cleared up.
Christ cannot save thy soul, for he is just.
There's none but I have interest in the same. (2.3.85-86)
It's true that, in the theology of Christianity, Christ can't save the souls of those who have given up all hope for salvation. But it's not clear that Faustus has. Lucifer is being a bit sneaky here, using his words as a ruse to push Faustus over the edge so he'll seal his own fate.