by Matthew Arnold
Dover Beach Life, Consciousness, and Existence Quotes
How we cite our quotes: (Line)
With tremulous cadence slow, and bring
The eternal note of sadness in. (13-14)
We've pointed this line out in a few other places, because we think the end of this stanza is such a crucial point in the poem. It's where we really start to shift gears, and move from a calm little poem to the grand questions of life and eternity. It's worth pointing out that these are lines 13 and 14, which would be the last two rhyming lines of a sonnet (you know, if this were a sonnet). Here, instead of tying the stanza off with a neat little bow, Arnold raises big, kinda scary questions. It's just another way he's messing with tradition in this poem.
Sophocles long ago
Heard it on the Ægean, and it brought
Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow
Of human misery; we (15-18)
One thing that has made the works of Sophocles last for thousands of years is his ability to tackle big themes in ways that still seem relevant. If his writing about human life and existence didn't still seem meaningful, we wouldn't still care about plays like Antigone. That's why Arnold name-checks him here, because he thinks they both care about the big issues. It might seem a little pretentious, if "Dover Beach" weren't such a good poem, IOHO.
Of human misery; we
Find also in the sound a thought,
Hearing it by this distant northern sea. (18-20)
The sound of the waves on the English Channel calls up a thought in the speaker's mind. Well, actually it seems like it brings up a whole bunch of thoughts about the nature of human existence. This poem is all about how paying close attention to the natural world can awaken grand philosophical thoughts in our minds.