Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957) was one of the most popular American film actors of the mid-twentieth century. In 1999 the American Film Institute named Bogart the "Greatest Male Star of All Time." The star of The Maltese Falcon and Casablanca, Bogart won a Best Actor Oscar in 1951 for The African Queen.
Bogart, a heavy smoker both on screen and in real life, died of lung cancer in 1957. His death occurred just as Americans were beginning to learn of the health risks of smoking, inspiring many to push for stronger anti-smoking legislation.