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King Charles II (1630-1685) was King of Scotland from 1651-1685, and King of England and Ireland from 1661-1685. Charles II took the throne of England at the end of the English Civil War, when the Parliamentary forces that had deposed and executed his father, King Charles I, were defeated. This allowed a restoration of the monarchy.

Late in 1675, Charles II issued A Proclamation for the Suppression of Coffee Houses, declaring that coffeehouses had become "the great resort of Idle and disaffected persons" and ordering their closure. Faced with great resistance, he had to rescind his order a week later.

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